Actually, Alopecia is a medical term for baldness and a broader term for any type of hair loss. It can occur in any part of the body and for any reason. Alopecia is divided into two classes as scarred alopecia and non-scarred alopecia. The type of alopecia that leaves a mark on the skin is a rare type and it is very difficult, its treatment is more complicated and troublesome. Now we will focus on the types of hair loss that do not leave a trace on the skin and are relatively easy to treat.
Types of Alopecia
We can say that there are 9 basic types of alopecia;
Alopecia Areata – It is an autoimmune type that causes hair to fall out in round patches. It can mostly affect the scalp as well as other areas such as the arms and eyebrows. Although the reason is not fully understood, it is assumed that it occurs when the body defends against its own cells.
Androgenetic Alopecia – The most common type of alopecia. It occurs due to genetic predisposition, hormones and various external factors. Although it is thought to be mostly seen in men, it can also be seen in many women.
Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia (CCCA) – A condition that starts from the middle of the scalp and spreads outward, causing permanent hair loss from the destroyed hair follicles.
Chemotherapy-induced alopecia – Hair loss due to chemotherapeutic drugs is a temporary shedding and returns to normal after treatment.
Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia – It is a type of scarring hair loss that especially affects the anterior region of the scalp.
Lichen Planopilaris – A type of scarring hair loss that affects the anterior and lower scalp.
Telogen Effluviumpatchy – Our hair continues in a life cycle. The growth phase is called anagen, the stagnation phase is called catagen and the resting phase is called telogen. In a normal person, 80% of the hair is in the anagen phase, 2% is in the catagen phase and 18% is in the telogen phase. If the percentage of hair in the anagen phase decreases while the percentage of telogen phase increases, it is called telogen effluvium.
Traction Alopecia – It is usually caused by the stretching of the hair follicles caused by tight hairstyles, especially in women’s hair that is very tightly tied.
Trichotillomania – It is basically caused by pulling out one’s own hair due to a psychological disorder.
Symptoms of Alopecia
Tingling/itching sensation on the scalp
Hair loss in patches
Gray and white hair often remains where the hair loss is
Hair starts to come out on its own where it falls out.
Hair loss occurs in a colder month of the year
Brittle and more delicate nails
Different colored nails than usual
There may be many more personal symptoms similar to these, there may be individual and completely different symptoms, it is necessary to pay attention to them.
Causes and Risk Factors
When you have an autoimmune disease, naturally your immune system attacks your body, which is an automatic response of the body. Here, however, it is the hair follicles that are attacked by Alopecia. Doctors don’t yet know exactly why this happens. However, they think there is something in the genes of people who experience it that makes it more likely. Research continues all over the world on what causes hair loss.
How do people cope with Alopecia?
Many people who experience hair loss are concerned about their changing appearance. For many, it is a cause of psychological trauma and destruction. Of course, some of them accept this situation and continue their lives as if nothing happened. Others turn to concealers such as wigs or hats to cover hair loss.
Of course, there are some treatment methods that are said to be effective; Minoxidil lotion and solutions or Topical Steroids etc... But it is not clear whether they actually work, and they also have many unhealthy side effects.
So what are millions of people doing?
Of course, they do hair transplants!
Hair transplantation has become one of the most frequently applied medical procedures in recent years. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people travel to Turkey and have hair transplant operations here. The biggest advantage of hair transplantation is that it offers permanent solutions to people who experience hair loss. Turkey has come to a very good level in hair transplantation, it has become a brand in hair transplantation all over the world with its qualified doctors and reasonable prices.
Of course, the good result to be obtained depends on the person’s suitability for treatment, his expectation, and the experience of the clinic and doctor performing the procedure. The procedures performed in quality and experienced clinics give great results, you can get information about the most suitable procedure for you right now.